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Ricardo Borges de Castro
Associate Director and Head of the Europe in the World Programme
Ricardo Borges de Castro is Associate Director and Head of the Europe in the World Programme at the European Policy Centre.

Ricardo served as Adviser for Foreign Affairs and then as Adviser on Strategic Foresight to the European Political Strategy Centre, the European Commission’s in-house think tank, reporting directly to President Jean-Claude Juncker. Ricardo led the EPSC’s work on foresight, focusing mainly on global trends, ‘anticipatory democracy,’ and policymaking. During his tenure, he spearheaded efforts to mainstream anticipation and foresight across Commission services. He was also the European Commission’s project leader for the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS), an EU inter-institutional collaboration on global trends and strategic foresight.

Before joining the EPSC, Ricardo served as Member of Cabinet and Personal Assistant to José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission, as well as spokesperson for ‘Europe and the World’ at the Commission’s Spokespersons’ Planning and Coordination Unit. In these roles, Ricardo regularly accompanied and assisted President Barroso in his meetings with heads of state and government of EU Member States, in summits with third countries and Strategic Partners (USA, Japan, China, Russia, Brazil, Korea, South Africa, etc.) and in international fora, including the G20, G8/G7, NATO, ASEM, and the UN.

In Portugal, Ricardo served in the Prime Minister’s Office as Political Adviser to the Prime Minister after spending four years in the Portuguese Parliament as Policy Advisor for foreign affairs, national defence policy, and East Timor.

Ricardo taught international relations at Lusíada University in Lisbon, was a Course Assistant at Harvard Kennedy School, and a Visiting Professor at the Institute of Political Studies at the Catholic University in Portugal. He also contributes to executive trainings on ‘strategic foresight’ and ‘evidence-based policymaking’ at the School of Transnational Governance, European University Institute, and the Geneva Centre for Security Policy.

Ricardo is currently an Associate Fellow, Global Fellowship Initiative, at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy.

Ricardo holds a Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy (MALD) from The Fletcher School, Tufts University, and a DPhil (PhD) in International Relations from the University of Oxford (St Antony’s College).

Besides Portugal, he has lived in the US, UK, Turkey, and lately in Belgium.

Ricardo enjoys running and the outdoors.


Europe in the World


Areas of expertise

EU’s international role, future of Europe, global trends, transatlantic relations, multilateralism, democratisation, strategic foresight, scenarios, enlargement

Current positions

Associate Fellow, Global Fellowship Initiative, Geneva Centre for Security Policy


DPhil in International Relations, St Antony’s College, University of Oxford
Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy (MALD), The Fletcher School, Tufts University


Portuguese, English, Spanish, French, Turkish (basic)



China / OP-ED
The cost of Non-China: Reading the tea leaves
By Ricardo Borges de Castro - 25/10/2022
Security & defence / EXTERNAL PUBLICATION
A compass and a concept: A guide to the EU and NATO strategic outlooks
By Ricardo Borges de Castro , Rita Mendonça Barbosa Amorim Lobo - 23/09/2022
Security & defence / COMMENTARY
Time for Europe to stop hitting the security snooze button
By Ricardo Borges de Castro , Maxime Sierro - 04/07/2022
EU candidate status for Ukraine is a geopolitical and moral imperative
By Amanda Paul , Ricardo Borges de Castro - 21/06/2022
The war in Ukraine: China walking amid the shrapnel
By Ricardo Borges de Castro - 04/03/2022


What happens to Europe when the balloon goes up?
Ricardo Borges de Castro was interviewed by POLITICO on the US-China rivalry following the spy balloon crisis and the EU's approach to China. 

Read the full article here.

What happens to Europe when the balloon goes up?
06 February 2023 - ,
EU Governance / INTERVIEW
Seja bem-vindo à era da crise permanente
In March 2021, Fabian Zuleeg, Janis Emmanouilidis and Ricardo Borges de Castro introduced the concept of "permacrisis" to describe the environment in which Europe will have to operate for the foreseeable future. In 2022, Collins Dictionary elected "permacrisis" as the word of the year. In this article, Ricardo Borges de Castro explains the term's meaning and how it relates to the challenges facing Europe today. 

Read the full article here. (In Portuguese)

Seja bem-vindo à era da crise permanente
01 January 2023 - ,
Conference on the Future of Europe / INTERVIEW
Interview with SIC Notícias
Ricardo Borges de Castro gave an interview to SIC Notícias on French President Macron's proposal for a European political community and EU treaty changes.

You can watch the recording here. (In Portuguese)

Interview with SIC Notícias
10 May 2022 - , Portugal
SIC Notícias

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