Europe in the World

Europe’s neighbours: taking stock of the EU’s engagement


Re-thinking the EU's development paradigm: views from Morocco and Tunisia

12 January 2015
Bohdana Dimitrovova (Marie Curie Fellow at the University of Tubingen and Visiting Research Fellow at the EPC) and Zuzana Novakova (Doctoral researcher, Erasmus University Rotterdam)



A decade of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and the standard model of business as usual remains. Is there a reluctance to take the prevailing development paradigm based on economic growth and question its suitability as a motor for development? Most ENP resources and most tangible results remain within a financial framework, with a concentration on market-driven reforms in relation to economic and social change. On this basis, the current atmosphere represents a historical opportunity for rethinking the EU´s development paradigm fostered in the region. Drawing on extensive field work in Morocco and Tunisia, this policy brief highlights limitations and contradictions of the EU´s socio-economic development policies.

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Europe’s neighbours: taking stock of the EU’s engagement